Albion is derived from the Latin alba, or white. According to sources when the first Romans spotted the What Cliffs of Dover they said, \”The cliffs are white.\” For some reason the land soon became known as the white land.
The local inhabitants had a variety of other names for Albion, depending on the people. The Celts called it either Brython or Britain, a dialectic variant. The Ythjhin — now extinct — referred to it as Prydain or Prydai. The Celts themselves apparently got Brython from the early Brytha, a name given it by a people now lost to knowledge.
Keep in mind that at first a name such as Britain really only referred to a part of the island as a whole. Think of names such as Azir and Afrika. Only later did a name referring to a part become applied to the whole
The First Settlers
These belong to a species known to moderns as Homo antecessor, an ancestor of H. heildebrgencsis and through them H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens. On Ærth there are known to be five fossil remains of the animal, plus to sites where footprints can be found. The oldest is a spot some 20 miles north of modern day London, with the prints of at least five individuals in a roving band.
According to those who know it would appear that H. antecessor lasted from around 1.8 million to 200 thousand years ago, after which they were replaced by Heidelberg Man. That species was then supplanted by Neandertal Man, who lasted up until some 40 thousand years ago when Modern Man took over.
The First Modern Humans
These were the first in a series of migrations that came to settle the island of Britain. There has been a lot said about them on Ærth, but we really don’t have the time to deal with them. But before we go on we should first note that the Celts were actually not the first inhabitants of the island, being relative late comers. When next we pick up with the series we’ll be dealing with how they came to the island, and the results they had on the people there.